In Article 8 of the Chapter on Trade and Sustainable Forest Management, the Parties recognise the importance of sustainable forest management and the role that trade pacts can play in the restoration, conservation and sustainable use of forests. They agree to promote trade in products from sustainably managed forests, to promote the integration of local forest-based communities into sustainable supply chains for timber and non-wood forest products (with the prior agreement of the Community) and to implement measures to combat illegal logging and trade. They also agree to “where appropriate bilaterally, at the regional level and in international for a on trade issues and. Sustainable forest management, in line with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Therefore, if the European Union is ratified and implemented, it can be an essential instrument to standardize the fight against agricultural deforestation, especially when European nations, businesses and Brazil cooperate. If development is to be sustainable (resources will support current economic development, but will also be available to future generations), sustainable management of the rainforest is necessary. Sustainable rainforest use is a use that allows current generations to live from the forest without harming the forest for future generations. It is clear that many of the current uses of the forest only destroy it, with massive long-term effects. However, countries and tropical forest dwellers must earn a living, and sustainable forest use offers them the opportunity to do so.
The Amazon rainforest is the largest forest reserve in the world, covers more than seven million square kilometers and accounts for more than 40% of the world`s forests. While the Amazon is often in the spotlight because of its biodiversity and role in fighting climate change, its function as a carbon sink has been taken for granted. About 17% of the forests in the Amazon rainforest have been lost in the last 50 years, and 750,000 square kilometers have been destroyed by deforestation, degradation and forest fires between 1978 and 2019. Much of the deforestation is due to large-scale agricultural investments, such as soybean production, logging, livestock and mining. The loss of forest cover reduces the ability of the Amazon basin to retain greenhouse gas emissions. Lost trees also release the carbon they had licked in their lifetime, increasing the atmospheric concentration of these gases, with adverse consequences for health and well-being, livelihoods, infrastructure, biodiversity and economic, social and cultural assets. Since Brazil is not a DPA country, the European Union can use the European Union-Mercosur trade agreement to reduce Amazon deforestation by stopping imports of agricultural products directly and indirectly related to deforestation and unsustainable agriculture in the Amazon rainforest. The EU-Mercosur trade agreement was concluded in June 2019 between the European Union and Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. In Article 1 of the chapter on trade and sustainable development, the parties recall, among other things, Agenda 21, a product of the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted in 2015. . .